Wednesday, December 29, 2004

Fast Guide to IT Humor - a Whatis.com definition

Fast Guide to IT Humor - a Whatis.com definition

here's a happy way to finish 2004!

happy new year!

hope to get to see you all soon!

james

Thursday, December 16, 2004

p2pnet.net - the original daily p2p and digital media news site

Google Library...
You always wanted to read Shakespeare in English, but you had no occasion to find Hamlet in Supelec's Library ? Google is (will be...) there to supply you with the needed cultural material you are looking for... What do you think of that?

Wednesday, December 15, 2004

the netclass site

I've made the index page of our site (http://supelec.netclass.free.fr).
There you'll be able to download some of the presentations (including Edouard's and mine), and many other very interesting things...

Well, I have to admit that my page is quite ugly, but it still is better than a list of files... You are an artist? Feel free to replace it with a creation of yours!

Presentation about anonymity on the Internet

Hi,

Here is a short description of what we told you about today, ie about being spied on on the Internet:


Many "tools" are used by browsers to make the connection faster or the sites easier to use, like cookies, cache memory, environment variables...

But these contain data that could be used negatively, so you have to be careful of what your browser accept.
Examples of pieces of information that could be found:
- your e-mail address, your location
- your PC configuration
- your habits, your tastes...
- any piece of information that you type on sites...

Conclusion: anonymity on the Internet is an utopia. Stop dreaming, and be careful of what you do.

The Unofficial Cookie FAQ

The Unofficial Cookie FAQ
this is if you want to know where "cookie" comes from (question 1.2)... It is rather disappointing :-(. But geeks can probably find usefull information about cookies in this page anyway...

MPAA to crack down on illegal downloading ...

Reuters reported yesterday that BitTorrent, the well know p2p network, is now aimed at by the MPAA (Motion Picture Association of America). More precisely, the MPAA is going to sue the server operators who make films illegaly available on this network. They already took to court two hundred people who where charged with sharing films on other p2p networks.

Through this announcement, the MPAA shows that they clearly decided to follow the record industry example : the RIAA already sued 7,000 people ...

Wednesday, December 08, 2004

Xplanet desktop

Xplanet

hi netclass members,

what I'm using is a Mac version based on the xplanet project...

Here is actually the MacOSX version I'm using: Triumph of the Nerds: The Transcripts, Part III: "software celebration hasn't been easy. It has involved huge gambles, passionate commitm"


the text of our video today!

- International Writing Exchange Advanced (IWE Red)

- International Writing Exchange Advanced (IWE Red)

this is that fascinating posting in the IWE that we looked at in class...

Thursday, December 02, 2004

Sorry for keeping you all waiting...

We promised you a short résumé of our presentation.

So here it is, enjoy !

RSS, which stands for Real Simple Syndication, was designed for sharing headlines in 1997. It is based on an XML grammar (see here for more details).

It enables webmasters to distribute news way more easily : the RSS feed is read by millions of people (if your site is famous of course ;p).

It is also really convenient for readers : they are made aware of any changes on the website without having to go and look for them. You just need a news reader.
There are plenty of them, including some interesting ones Didier told us of during the presentation.

RSS can be applied to the news, but also to weblogs. Thanks to it you stay constantly aware.

Remember the wise words of Antoine : Blog is life ! (and RSS is the future of mankind)

Wednesday, December 01, 2004

Fotolog.net

Fotolog.net

here's an interesting community website... a community of photographers!
hope you all have a good Forum!

I'll see some of you next week!
james

Tuesday, November 23, 2004

Bill Gates, my hero

A review of the interview Bill Gates gave in Paris last wednesday, with pictures and videos! http://supelec.netclass.free.fr/PhotosBillGates/

Wednesday, November 17, 2004

RSS Feeds

RSS Feeds

here's another answer to Henri's question: "Can you tell me once again, in simple terms, what RSS is?"

Cobuild Concordance and Collocations Sampler

Cobuild Concordance and Collocations Sampler
This is the site that lets you search in the collection of 56 million words that were used to create the Cobuild Dictionary!

Hello Kitty meeting gothic horror

Do you know Hello Kitty ? this nice little cat from Japan having "kawai" adventures ?
Do you know Chtulhu and Lovecraft's gothic horror universe ?
Well, here is a funny mix of both !
http://www.hello-cthulhu.com/?date=2003-11-30

Adrien

Monday, November 15, 2004

New technology...

Here are a few examples of gadgets that will (or won't) be used in the future.

Site

Nicolas H.

Saturday, November 13, 2004

Sorry Everybody

Sorry Everybody

an interesting post-election site!
james

Friday, November 12, 2004

ZDNet AnchorDesk: Dealing with technology in real life

ZDNet AnchorDesk: Dealing with technology in real life

interesting column...

also concerning "always on, everywhere!"
here is the news from SF....
And what have you seen recently that's interesting?
james



**************
"October 27, 2004


The end of the hot spot
Already famous for his backing of same-sex marriage and his wife's recent overshare, San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom is finally making tech headlines instead.
"We will not stop until every San Franciscan has access to free wireless Internet service," Newsom said in his state of the city address last week. "Every San Franciscan" equals about 740,000 people in 46.7 square miles. Beyond being a generous offer from the mayor, the announcement points to a fundamentally more useful way to think of Wi-Fi: hot spot-free and seamless .
When Wi-Fi is seamless, everything changes. You won't have to screw with glitchy, goofy, 3G cell phones for a data connection on your hip. A device like a Treo becomes much more useful. And instead of using a cellular  phone, you might just run VoIP software on a Wi-Fi PDA. Tasty.
The cellular carriers and phone makers have been overpromising 3G for so long, I'd love it if we just skip right over it as consumers. Besides, digital cell phones sound so bad, VoIP on your hip has to be an improvement in audio quality.
With seamless Wi-Fi, the in-car radio business could really be turned on its ear. I've spoken to several start-up stage firms that want to make Wi-Fi the new car radio, opening up your commute to thousands of interesting Webcasts instead of the tedium the major broadcast companies have made radio. I'd love it if we could shove those 22-minute commercial loads and junk syndicated content right up their greedy, overleveraged, Wall Street-beholden asses.
And finally, seamless Wi-Fi will also improve our appreciation for coffee. You'll actually be able to find a place to sit  at Starbucks once the high-tech hoboes realize they can get a Wi-Fi connection somewhere else.
"

Thursday, November 11, 2004

Free.fr account

It's great to have 100Mb to store data for Netclass presentations.
But how to use a FTP client (LeechFTP or CuteFTP for example) to upload and delete files on a server?

In fact, if you are not in Supelec, a FTP client is not mandatory to upload or delete files on the free.fr account : you may just write this command in the adress bar of your internet browser :
ftp://login:password@ftpperso.free.fr
(where you replace "login" and "password" by your own information)
But it's not really a good idea, as it requires a lot of resources.

Finally, an another solution can be found here : Free is currently developping a web interface to access to FTP accounts. It is very useful & user-friendly.


(Thanks to Alexandre, errors disappeared. Sorry.)

Wednesday, November 10, 2004

- International Writing Exchange Advanced (IWE Red)

- International Writing Exchange Advanced (IWE Red)

this is the advanced writing project that I encourage you to participate in!

just do it!

james

webspace for supelec.netclass.free.fr

Index of the supelec.netclass.free.fr/

dear students,

here is a good place to place the webpages of your presentations... then you can link to here from the blog!

I'll send you the ftp info and pass by email!

james

Somebody spoke about love ?

Here they are our best love websites !!
http://www.links2love.com


And one shall not forget our russians girls !!
http://www.activelovemeeting.com/index_e.php

Good luck, i hope it will help you... ;-)
Edouard

Fun french sites

U can find some great and fun websites, have an eye on them:
http://perso.wanadoo.fr/collec-tirebouchons/collec_tirebouchons/index_en.htm
http://www.radins.com/best_of.php

enjoy !
Edouard

Tuesday, November 09, 2004

http://www.irobot.com/consumer/

These robots vacuum by themselves. They can detect walls. They will calculate a map of your room and vacuum it entirely. They will go under your bed where it is usually very hard to dust. I think I need one of those!

Damien

Free but expensive ?

Free software, particularly operating systems, are now quite "fashionable" in the industry. Many people think that thanks to Linux and other open source and free software, they will save money. It's obviously right for you or me, but for a company, the problem is slightly different. A few studies showed that a complete switching from Microsoft environment to Linux system is likely to be very expensive for a company which has always been running Microsoft software : this article or this one will give you a few details. However, this is a very hot topic, and surveys can sometimes be questionable. (OK, I know this article is taken from The Enquirer ...)

Indeed, evaluating the different costs linked to a computer system is really difficult : switching from Microsoft system to Linux implies a great need of expensive training. Fortunately, the question is far simpler for individual users like us : testing free or open source software will not cost you anything ;) And you do not need hours of training to use Firefox, for example ...

Firefox!

Mozilla Firefox 1.0 was released today. You may try to download it here, or anywhere else as their servers have a lot of connections today :)

You can go and celebrate this event : just find a party organised near where you live.



Here's a list of the best add-ons available


Music

Anti-ad

Download and FTP

Tab

Mail & Chat
  • Gmail Notifier (1.0) - Add shortcut to your Gmail account and tells you if you've got mail

  • ChatZilla (1.0) - An IRC client IRC


Forum
  • BBCode (1.0) - Display a menu for BB code options


Useful

Languages

Tips
  • It's possible to import your configuration from IE thanks to "import" option in the file menu. Bookmarks, passwords and cache are included


Written thanks to Cafzone, kineox, Zgoblin ans others

Monday, November 08, 2004

Nerds : another quarell

In a Slashdot news, we can find back our friends nerds from Novell and Microsoft that were "acting" in the nerds video documentary last two weeks : "This morning Novell announced that it had settled a potential law suit with Microsoft related to its NetWare product line. Microsoft agreed to pay $536 million to Novell, but this is not the end as there is another litigation against them pertaining to WordPerfect." By the way, with WordPerfect, we are again going back to the great time of the beginning of this "nerds adventure". The affair is available in details at this address.

Nicolas BERNARD

Saturday, November 06, 2004

speech accent archive

speech accent archive

Every wondered about the different accents in English?
Here are some interesting examples!

Thursday, November 04, 2004

Free music downloads on SoundClick.com

Hi everyone !

If you miss the old mp3.com and if you want to discover new music,
check out this site : www.soundclick.com
It offers streaming audio and free music downloads from well-known artists and, which is the most important : unsigned bands.
The site currently is adding more than 40,000 songs each month, and over 5,000 bands.
(Currently there are 777,752 songs and 128,428 bands)
For musicians, Soundclick offers a free artist page, a gig calendar, and most importantly, unlimited song uploads. This is one of the best free sites for independent musicians to promote themselves.

US election results

On the CNN site, you can find every results about the us election (president, senate,....) for each county, with very interesting figures such as:
- who did the church attendants vote for?
- who did the hispanic women between 30 and 45 vote for?
- how many men voted for Bush in Pocahontas (Iowa) ?
....

http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2004/


Watch Live TV broadcasts on the Internet.

Watch Live TV broadcasts on the Internet.: "Your broadband Portal to watch live TV broadcasts and on demand TV broadcasts on the Internet
(wwiTV.com is an index to streaming media available on the web)
Travel to 3000 live feeds and on demand video & audio streams


This should interest our Russian participant, Gallina! There are several Russian streams!

- International Writing Exchange Advanced (IWE Red)

- International Writing Exchange Advanced (IWE Red)

This is the writing project I suggested you participate in!
do it...!
james

Wednesday, November 03, 2004

Happy Tree Friends

I'm sure everybody know Happy Tree Friends, however, it is still a pleasure to watch the last episodes...

http://happytreefriends.atomfilms.com/index.html


Tuesday, November 02, 2004

Wiki is good for you ...

Antoine managed to set up a very good wiki page, so I would like to post a few links about this technology.

This first link deals with wiki being a very convenient way to share datas in companies. It's easier to set up than huge programs like Lotus Notes, more resistant to viruses than e-mail and easy to use. However, good access control is needed in order to avoid spam or data loss. But on the other hand, these constraints are also a good way to make people aware of their responsibilities and to motivate them !

This second page was extracted from a teacher's blog who experimented wiki in school thanks to software developped by himself. The article is quite technical, but to put it in a nutshell, Frank Carver discovered that wiki pages can lead to simultaneous edit problems because when using it in class, the system is very likely to be overwhelmed with requests. He is also working on differents methods to properly manage the problems created by simultaneous edits.

And to conclude, here is a link to a collaborative study of romanticism by students, which was created thanks to wiki technology. In this page, you will find what was made possible thanks to wiki.

Have fun with wiki ;)

More about P2P

To remember you the presentation you heard last week:


Peer-to peer is a type of internet connection.
It means client to client connection.

  • Some are with central servers which gather information about the files shared by the different computers and organise the connections between them:
    p2p hybrid like donkey kazaa
  • Others are only based on a computer network: p2p native like gnutella

Here there are some interesting sites to download the program that is used by some p2p hybrid services.

Kazaa: http://www.kazaa.com
Edonkey: http://www.edonkey2000.com
Bittorrent: http://bt.degreez.com



Thanks

Henri

Monday, November 01, 2004

Wiki again!

Coding a wiki site by myself was (is) unthinkable. That's why I was looking for embedded solutions to create a free wiki site.
www.seedwiki.com provides good solutions, tested with the great help of Didier. Other possibilities here.


The Netclass Wiki Site (direct link) may be reached via www.seedwiki.com, by searching for 'netclass' at top right of the page.


Here are the parameters of the accounts created (one @seedwiki, one @yahoo.com) :
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
first name : netclass
last name : supelec
Email : netclass_supelec@yahoo.com
password : benenson (deserved tribute ;-)
name of the blog : netclass
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Each page of the wiki may obviously be edited (click on "edit page", upper left menu). Write what you want, yhen click on "Save changes".

Mistakes don't cause big problems, as anyone may correct them, and even publish again an old version of the site if it was cleared. Go to "versions" (left menu), click on the date you want to go back, then click on "edit page" (left menu) and finally "Save changes".

To create a new page, just write [TitleOfYourNewPage] in the page you want the link to YourNewPage appear.

Your new Bible to master SeedWiki is here : The SeedWiki Book.


If you create an account @seedwiki (it's completely free) you gain access to admin options, you can see reports about our pages and modify settings. But obviously, you don't need to be logged in or to have an account @seedwiki to change the content of the pages.

A problem with www.seedwiki.com is that accounts whose pages aren't modified during 30 days may be deactivated.


It's really great to collaborate with friends or other people you don't know thanks to a wiki website. Even if the technical background isn't perfect, you may really enjoy this experience!!

--
Thank you, Didier!

Ig Nobels!

http://www.improb.com/ig/ig-pastwinners.html

Do you know the Ig Nobels? They used to award research that should never have been done. Now they award research that "first makes people laugh, then makes them think", which is a more PC way of saying it! But they are still very funny.
My favorite one is the 2004 Medecine Ig Nobel. The authors have studied the effect of country music on suicide... They have pursued a lot of statistical analysis and have concluded that even if country music is not the only reason for suicide it probably is a major one! The 2003 Ig Nobel was given to a group for presenting evidence that the brains of London taxi drivers are more developed than those of other citizens...

The awards are given at a ceremony in Harvard. Most of the awarded scientists come and celebrate!

Damien

Friday, October 29, 2004

Google Labs Aptitude Test solved by some people working on Mathematica development.


Study reveals many men talk to Google more than to girlfriends


"Blogs are good for business", Microsoft chairman Bill Gates has said, in a speech to an audience of chief executives in Redmond.
"More than 700 Microsoft employees are already using blogs to keep people up to date with their projects. "
He explains the "advantages over more traditional ways of keeping in touch such as e-mail and websites" as well


About the Bloggin world :
A US airline attendant is fighting for her job after she was suspended over postings on her blog
To visit her blg, search for "Queen of the Sky" in Google, then click o "I'm feeling lucky". Or use the Cache memory of google if the page is inacessible.

Project We Say Tomato: Play Samples

Project We Say Tomato: Play Samples

Different people, different cultures, different accents... here are a variety of English accents, both native and non-native speakers! why don't you add yours?
what do you think of this?

james

English Reading: Proverbs (EnglishClub.com)

English Reading: Proverbs (EnglishClub.com)

Here are some more proverbs that are well known in English, of course some of them come from other languages. You can click on a link for their meanings.

English Reading: Proverbs (EnglishClub.com)

English Reading: Proverbs (EnglishClub.com)

Here are some more proverbs that are well known in English, of course some of them come from other languages. You can click on a link for their meanings.

Did hobbits really exist ?

Maybe J.R.R. Tolkien was right : "hobbits" skeletons may have been discovered : read this.

Thursday, October 28, 2004

Forbes.com: Best Blogs

Forbes.com: Best Blogs:


"Best Blogs
Arik Hesseldahl, 02.12.04, 3:00 PM ET
NEW YORK - One of the earliest promises about the World Wide Web was that it would put some of the power of the press back in the hands of regular people. The same people who once wrote thoughtful polemics or commentary on handbills and in pamphlets of limited circulation, or through the occasional letter to a newspaper editor, could, at least in theory, reach the entire Internet-connected world with their ideas. Some who embraced the Web early went on to become media barons all their own. "

Do you want to be free in a free world ?

We talked yesterday about P2P, and the risks of downloading copyrighted music illegaly. But did you know that there is music that you can download legally without paying ? Based on the model of free software, free music is protected by a license that allows the user to copy, modify and distribute it. There's many of this license, and not also for music, but also for books (and more generally texts), video, pictures .... You can find more on http://creativecommons.org/

Do you want to listen to free music to see what this is like ? I really like http://www.vavrek.com

There's a lot of other artists that propose their work with this sort of license, so don't hesitate to search for them.

Wednesday, October 27, 2004

Cobuild Concordance and Collocations Sampler

Cobuild Concordance and Collocations Sampler: "56 million words of contemporary written and spoken text that you can search... is "softwares" used????"
Hi guys,

Being the only girl of this class, I feel obligated to introduce you to a typical feminine activity : filling tests. Tests are so great, you could learn anything about you thanks to them. For example, have you ever asked yourself which is the flavor that represents you? Or what is your music match? I hear you telling me that this does not interest you.. Wait, you could also discover which of the Star Wars characters you are. So, if you want to know if you could have been Princess Leia, run to : .. After a little trip on this page, you would have no secret for yourself any longer. Enjoy.
Fanny

Blog Survey: Summary of Findings

Blog Survey: Summary of Findings Expectations of Privacy and Accountability

You're a blog writer... what are your responsibilities and liabilities? Could you lose your job, or your friends, because of your blog???

Interesting study carried out by a graduate student at MIT... (see the link giving background information on the study.

what do you think?
james

Tuesday, October 26, 2004

Computers and design ...

Over the past decades, computers have been keeping reducing. However, it really took a long time to get rid of these ugly beige computer cases. A few years ago, more attractive devices were launched : black computers, TFT monitors .... A few weeks ago, this mouse was released by MicroSoft : it was designed by Philippe Starck, and in my opinion, it's really lovely ! But Apple has always been a pioneer : it has been a long time since Apple computers are nice. That's also why so many people working in the media still prefer Apple notebooks, for example. Have a look at the new G5 desktop : it's powerful AND beautiful, you can proudly set it up in your lounge ...

On the contrary, many young PC users are now tuning addicts, an other way to own a "nice" computer. Say good bye to elegance and purity, you now enter the kingdom of pink neons, flashing fans and multi-usage LCD displays. Those who own these strange computers say these purple aquariums are desirable ... Make your own opinion here, here, or here ... Quite "original" ...

And to conclude, a last link which may be useful if, like many other people, you are an Ikea addict .... (And don't forget that selling furniture can also lead you to fortune ...)
A geek test : Which File Extension Are You?

A flying lawn mower [via Slashdot.org]


What about a new layout for the Netclass Blog? When you're writing a new post, click on the tab "Template", then "Pick new". You may vote for the one you prefer in the comments of this post.

Monday, October 25, 2004

Report on Internet Software : to be continued...

Report on Internet Software : to be continued...

Hello,
As James asked us, there is a little summary of the first part of our report about Internet Software we did last Wednesday, to make you wait patiently for the following on next course :

Introduction :
The software we use to browse the websites, read our mail, or chat with friends, may influence the "way we live the Internet". The choice is quite large, as we will show. So, what is the best software ? On what criteria to decide ? We notice a huge representation of Microsoft software on the market. However, we will see they suffer many criticisms ; so, what does MS crush the competition ?

1) Web browsers :
- MS Internet Explorer "killed" Netscape
- strange Linux browsers for geeks : Lynx, Elynks, etc. Very fast and secure, but only readable textually.
- details of Opera, Safari, and Mozilla Firefox
- study of the graphical differences
- Internet Explorer : its domination of the market, but also its security failures, lack of evolution, and no respect of the W3C recommendations --> soon challenged by Firefox.

2) Email software :
- different classes : non graphical interfaces, same render engine as the browser or not
- details of Sylpheed and Thunderbird
- some killer features your email client must have
- MS Outlook Express criticisms

The third part of this report, dedicated to the instant messaging software, will stand on next Wednesday ; see you there !

Nicolas BERNARD

Sunday, October 24, 2004

Bad link...

Ooops, I made a mistake with the link.
Copy/Paste is not that easy ;o)

The right link is here.

Nico H.

Microsoft IE is not the only browser to have flaws...

Do not trust completely web browsers like Firefox or Opera, they can have flaws too, you can understand why here.
Of course they are much better than IE but not perfect.


Nicolas H.

May Apple be with you

As a great Star Wars freak, I felt obliged to post that link. I may even consider usig a Mac if Saint George does (of course I'm kidding, I am allergic to Macs...) ;op

webopedia

To continue the topic of www.howstuffworks.com or www.whatis.com, which we used last time, I invite you visite the website Webopedia, which is quite like Whatis, but entirely dedicated to the definitions of terms connected to the internet and computer science.

Nicolas BERNARD

Tuesday, October 19, 2004

Google

The name Google comes from the name of the number represented by 1 followed by 100 zeros.
Some links about the most efficient search engine today :

Google is not only a simple search engine in text mode : some options currently working here, and soon you'll be able to try that.

Google is now able to search through your personal files, on your hard drive.

You want to work at the Googleplex in Mountain View, California? Here's the Google Labs Aptitude Test : score high enough and Google will contact you!
(Extracted from the Google Blog)


And for fans...

Spread Firefox

You may know Firefox, an alternative and free web browser. Its main particularity is to be open source : anybody might modify Firefox source code to adapt it to a special use. On November 9th, Firefox 1.0, the first official version, will be released. However, the community who contributed to Firefox developpment wants this date to be remembered : today, a great campaign was launched to raise funds, in order to buy a full-page advertisement in the New York Times, featuring the name of each contributor. They aim at gathering 2500 signatures ... In fact, the ad is to be understood as "a declaration of independence from a monopolized and stagnant web". Obviously, Microsoft Internet Explorer, which is arbitrarily shipped with Microsoft Windows, is the main target ...

sodaconstructor

sodaconstructor

robots anyone?

Tuesday, October 12, 2004

HowStuffWorks

Hi. The famous website http://www.howstuffworks.com/ wants to explain "how everything works". This is probably excessive but there is a lot of interesting info there! If you wanna know how washing machines, GPS receivers or hard drives work or why you sweat or even how to pick a lock you might have an answer there. Explanations are simple but surprisingly precise (most of the authors have a Md): unlike many publications of this kind it does really explain things. The articles have many pages and try to be comprehensive.
But be careful the website has many commercials and it is sometimes easy to mistake a link to an ad for a link to an article!

See you!
Damien

Till death do us part ...

Here is a site which will please the web addicts among you ... Indeed, many people (I feel affected ...) can't do without the Internet and particularly e-mails. It can't be denied that mails are a very convenient way to communicate with your friends or family. However, an unexpected event may prevent you from telling everything you would like to to your boss or to your girlfriend. Fortunately, an article from The Guardian made me aware of a marvelous site : The Last EMail. This site, which is owned by a Spanish company managed by M. Iriarte, allows you to prepare e-mails to be sent after your death. Thanks to modern technology, even death can't keep you from being online ...

The site is really serious, and its creator claims that his company will last long enough to achieve the mission you entrusted them with. At least, I guess that their customers will hardly complain about the service ...

And last but not least, don't forget to carefully read their homepage : the poetic quality of the style is absolutely edifying ("
you can bring comfort and strength to those you leave behind by sending them a message of love as you say goodbye", or "You only die once" ...)

Have fun ;) ...

Didier De Nadaï

Monday, October 11, 2004

We are not alone !

We now all know that the weirdos who claimed we were not alone were right. But our visitors aren't exactly the aliens they claimed they had met.

Most of the cells in your body are not your own, nor are they even human. They are bacterial. From the invisible strands of fungi waiting to sprout between our toes, to the kilogram of bacterial matter in our guts, we are best viewed as walking "superorganisms," highly complex conglomerations of human, fungal, bacterial and viral cells.

That's the view of scientists at Imperial College London who published a paper in Nature Biotechnology Oct. 6 describing how these microbes interact with the body. Understanding the workings of the superorganism, they say, is crucial to the development of personalized medicine and health care in the future because individuals can have very different responses to drugs, depending on their microbial fauna.
The scientists concentrated on bacteria. More than 500 different species of bacteria exist in our bodies, making up more than 100 trillion cells. Because our bodies are made of only some several trillion human cells, we are somewhat outnumbered by the aliens. It follows that most of the genes in our bodies are from bacteria, too.

Luckily for us, the bacteria are on the whole commensal, sharing our food but doing no real harm. (The word derives from the Latin meaning to share a table for dinner.) In fact, they are often beneficial: Our commensal bacteria protect us from potentially dangerous infections. They do this through close interaction with our immune systems.

"We have known for some time that many diseases are influenced by a variety of factors, including both genetics and environment, but the concept of this superorganism could have a huge impact on our understanding of disease processes," said Jeremy Nicholson, a professor of biological chemistry at Imperial College and leader of the study. He believes the approach could apply to research on insulin-resistance, heart disease, some cancers and perhaps even some neurological diseases.

Following the sequencing of the human genome, scientists quickly saw that the next step would be to show how human genes interact with environmental factors to influence the risk of developing disease, the aging process and drug action. But because environmental factors include the gene products of trillions of bacteria in the gut, they get very complex indeed. The information in the human genome itself, 3 billion base pairs long, does not help reduce the complexity.

"The human genome provides only scant information. The discovery of how microbes in the gut can influence the body's responses to disease means that we now need more research into this area," said Nicholson. "Understanding these interactions will extend human biology and medicine well beyond the human genome and help elucidate novel types of gene-environment interactions, with this knowledge ultimately leading to new approaches to the treatment of disease."

Nicholson's colleague, professor Ian Wilson from Astra Zeneca, believes the "human super-organism" concept "could have a huge impact on how we develop drugs, as individuals can have very different responses to drug metabolism and toxicity."

"The microbes can influence things such as the pH levels in the gut and the immune response, all of which can have effects on the effectiveness of drugs," Wilson said.

The Imperial College research demonstrates what many -- from X Files stalwarts to UFO fanatics -- have long claimed: We are not alone. Specifically, the human genome does not carry enough information on its own to determine key elements of our own biology.



Original text here.

Improve your English online :o)

Here is a useful and entertaining web site : http://www.better-english.com/exerciselist.html
This site can help you improve your English knowledge. It offers you more than 250 free exercises to train yourself. You have the choice to learn some grammar or vocabulary and many other things. But don't worry, it is oriented like little games, each time you answer badly, your score sinks.
One other interesting point is that if you want to prepare your TOEIC or your TOEFL, simply entertain yourself on this site with all the exercises and you will learn some typical English expressions.
There is even a section called Jokes and it is not the easier, believe me !
One last funny thing, the section called"Hangman", it is the game you played a long time ago when you had to guess a word using a limited number of questions about the letters in it.

Have a good time surfing !

Nicolas H.

Saturday, October 09, 2004

Apply to a big paneuropean event, for free !

Hi everybody!

If you are willing to speak english with 350 students from 40 european countries, about a very interesting topic : How big is YOUR Europe? Explore its dimensions , feel free to apply to this great event. It is free, you will be given a place to sleep and typical dutch food, and there are dutch parties every night...
From April 10th to April 15th, in Eindhoven, NL. Feel free to ask question either to the organizers, to me, or to one of the members of Cercle Europe.
You will be asked for a motivation letter, because places are limited , and of course the number of applications is huge. I can give you tips for your motivation letter. Deadline is January 1st. Tell your friends about this great event!!

European Week Eindhoven

Friday, October 08, 2004

Wiki & Publishing

To comment on the two latest posts, I would like to add that the Stevenson's dynamic website is a technology called Wiki, which enables anyone to modify any page. It started in march 1995, and its name come from the hawaiian word "Wikiwiki", which means "quick" or "super fast".

Today, the most famous wiki website is certainly Wikipedia, a free-content encyclopedia in many languages counting more than 1 million articles.

Free-content philosophy is beginning to spred to the publishing world.
Some science fiction authors, like Stevenson, are very interested in new technologies. For example, Cory Doctorow (who regularly posts here, one of the most famous blog) decided to write his book with the help of net surfers. He released the chapters he wrote on his website, waiting for the comments of readers, and then modifies his book. When the book was published, it was possible to download it simultaneously. Thus, there was a big buzz around the book, and the sells rised.

Dan Gillmor did it for We, the Media and Howard Rheingold for Smart Mobs (Source : www.loiclemeur.com)

Antoine Dutertre



Why software should not have owners ...

I think this text is very interesting :
http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/why-free.html

I know it's famous, but I think it's really important. In fact, there's a lot of very interesting texts on http://www.gnu.org, but this one is certainly the first you should read if you don't know anything about free software.

And if you think that free software means software that you don't pay, you should really read it.

Colin

Visit the "metaweb"

Hello everyone, here is my first post here to invite you visit the website http://www.metaweb.com/wiki/wiki.phtml
Basically, this site is mainly dedicated to a trilogy recently written by the science-fiction author Neal Stephenson, which began with the novel Quicksilver one year ago (a prequel for the best-seller book Cryptonomicon). But this is much more than just a description of his work. Indeed, Stephenson created a dynamic HTML site where everyone can change the material of the pages and add his own stuff ; hence the name metaweb. Thus, since its creation in september 2003, the site received many contributions of every kind, so that now it has gone far beyond Stephenson's work. You can find many issues about science and in particular cryptography (the main topic in Stephenson's book), and also about works by other authors ! Finally, I find that this concept is an interesting option compared with communication ways such as the blogs, newsgroups and others. The most interesting point is that the archive system of the metaweb is really well done, and you can find how it developped ; in fact, the only criticism is that the graphic appearance of the site is not very attractive...

Nicolas BERNARD

Wednesday, October 06, 2004

BBC World Home Page

BBC World Home Page: "phished"


have a look at this great resource... clickonline!

SL_lists: Student Forums

SL_lists: Student Forums here are some subject areas...

Student List Project

Student List Project
hummm an interesting project for our class.... who is out there? what can you discuss with them? what can you do with them?

Thursday, September 02, 2004

French Journalists

Al - Jazeera
Don't you wonder what's really been published by the saoudian arabic broadcasting company concerning the 2 French journalists. Here's an example...
Also a lot of relevant and freshly updated (every 5 min apparently) news about the situation of the journalists can be found on http://www.lemonde.fr. I know, James, it's not in English, though an international version may be found somewhere on the site ;)

Pierre

Friday, August 27, 2004

Decani Monastery

Decani Monastery
At the heart of Kosovo, a monastery has made his way through the internet. You can visit the monastery online and even download their songs in mp3. According to one of them, they're trying to reach the top of US charts... will they ever manage ?

Pierre

Wednesday, August 25, 2004

Big Brother

Worm Uses Webcams to Spy on Users
Big Brother (Uh... not the st**** TV show..) is watching us...
This can turn you paranoid. Will you turn your webcam off?

Olympic Games

Olympics 2004
Results, photos, Schedules, Press Release, all what you want to know about the Olympics can be found on the BBC Sport website.
C U

Tuesday, August 24, 2004

UN News Center - News from Iraq

UN News Center .
It's sometimes worth having the UN point of view directly from their website.
Here you'll find a report about situation in Iraq.

Enjoy the few days of holiday left. C u soon.

Friday, July 16, 2004

Remember that time

I discovered that you could find loads of old commercial movies on www.archive.org
As an example, here's a documentary about the launch of Pentium I
Pentium I
 
Enjoy your Holidays
See you soon,   Pierre

Wednesday, May 19, 2004

Wired News: Early Worm Gets SCO Bird

Wired News: Early Worm Gets SCO Birddid u know MyDoom -the Internet worm- was targetting a company ? Take some time to have a look at this on the Wired website (remember ?)

Slashdot: News for nerds, stuff that matters

Slashdot: News for nerds, stuff that matters
I don't remember if James has ever mentioned this great site about all what's concerning computer culture. Anyway, have a look at it, it's worth it! plenty of articles on hot topics...

Tuesday, May 18, 2004

Summary of our presentation

We have presented South Africa from the viewpoint of a tourist visiting it for the first time. The history provides the background for him/her to understand how South Africa developed over the centuries. We moved on to the various attractions that one should not miss and ended with a presentation on South Africa's music and cultural scene, unique in the world.

Thank you.

Speaking of Faith | Programs | Truth and Reconciliation | Mandela's Inauguration Speech

Speaking of Faith | Programs | Truth and Reconciliation | Mandela's Inauguration Speech
This is the site where you can here Mandela's inauguration speech to the nation.

KOCHONLAND

KOCHONLAND
for those who remember tamagochi...and others!

Thursday, May 13, 2004

MINERVA on the web

MINERVA on the web

By the way, don't forget to put your CV on this webpage !!!
If you are lucky, microsoft will offer you a job !!!

Cercle Europe Supelec - Welcome to our website

Cercle Europe Supelec - Welcome to our website

for Best events info, check this out !!!

Saturday, May 08, 2004

Monday, May 03, 2004

Search Engine Showdown: Search Engine Statistics

Search Engine Showdown
As we were speaking about search engines last day, this reminded me this site, where all the most popular search engines (and others) are ranked considering many caracteristics: relative size, change over time, database overlap, dead links, .....
Also to learn many things about search engines...

Thursday, April 29, 2004

HowStuffWorks - Learn how Everything Works!

HowStuffWorks - Learn how Everything Works!

When James showed us the whatis.com site... it reminded me of this site. It's a great site that explains...hmm.. how everything works! Simple and clear, it introduces a difficult concept with examples and analogies. A great site no doubt to enrich the mind and broaden your horizons.

ching lik

Wednesday, April 28, 2004

Tuesday, April 20, 2004

YABLA

YABLA
YABLA --a sneak preview of a neat documentary on NYC
have a look at "The Verge" about the ny singer...
enjoy
james

Wednesday, April 07, 2004

Apple

Apple

if you're interested in computers that work...

antony's travel diary

antony's travel diary

this is a very interesting site

Tuesday, April 06, 2004

Summary of the presentation: « Communication using the Internet »

The desire to communicate stems from a very basic human need. We have discussed how humans have satisfied this need from early newspapers made of rock to the beginnings of the Internet and email which have become commonplace today. We have also predicted how the Internet will continue to grow as a tool for communication in the near future based on current trends. Finally, we ended our presentation with a vision of communication in 2050.

Wednesday, March 31, 2004

HTML: How to START your Home Page

This website is an introduction to HTML:
HTML: How to START your Home Page
It can be very useful if you have never used HTML language before and if you want to learn it.
WDCS
is an interesting website for the protection of whales and dolphins.

Dancetv.com - Online Ballroom Dance Tutorial: The Waltz

Thanks to this website you will learn how to waltz:

Dancetv.com - Online Ballroom Dance Tutorial: The Waltz

United Nations Division for Sustainable Development

If you are interested in sustainable development, visit this website..

United Nations Division for Sustainable Development

Thursday, March 25, 2004

Wednesday, March 17, 2004

Thursday, March 04, 2004

Cry the Beloved Country

Cry the Beloved Country

I did this book when I took English Literature during my O-levels (now that was almost 8 years ago). Set in apatheid south africa, this book traverses many themes. It's a great read (more so if you do not have to take an exam on it =))and it was even made into a movie.

Ching Lik

just a funny site!

???????

hmm I hope there are no italians here... =) and sorry in advance if anyone is offended, relax, its just a joke!!!

Wednesday, March 03, 2004

For the latest hits and videos

Music

This is a site hosted by Netscape and supported by AOL Music. You can listen to the latest singles and watch the newest MTVs that are not yet available in France. The whole website has a nice "warm" feel to it and it is extremely surfing friendly. Explore and enjoy!

Judo

Hi, I really like Judo. Here is the website of the Kodokan : you will find how it works, and a few techniques.

http://www.kodokan.org/

Monday, March 01, 2004

Wavescape :: Surfing in South Africa

Wavescape :: Surfing in South Africa
Guess for what sport South Africa is also famous for?
check the photos of sandy bay at cape peninsula.

lionshead

lionshead
Do you want to visit Cape Town (south Africa governmental capital)?
get a free tour here...

LEARN THE NET: Birth of the Net

LEARN THE NET: Birth of the Net
Have you ever wondered how and when did the net appeared? Many answers r on this site. And don't forget to read the header concerning the future.

Friday, February 27, 2004

South Africa Languages & Culture

Kunjani???
You Know what?
South Africa has eleven official languages!!!
Lot of other amazing things you can discover (Wildlife for example)
by clicking here
Go and find out what's "Sala kakuhle" :p

A.R.

Thursday, February 26, 2004

Takeshi Kitano

Hi, Kitano is one of the most interesting movie director and actor in Japan. 'Would like to know why ? Check out : http://www.takeshikitano.net/mythe.htm

Wednesday, February 25, 2004

BLOGGER - Knowledge Base - What is BlogThis!

BLOGGER - Knowledge Base - What is BlogThis!

BBC World Home Page

BBC World Home Page


wow this is about South Africa

just look

Here is everything about what is going on, strange or not.
Just follow me over there

RSS Readers: Bringing the World to Your Desktop

RSS Readers: Bringing the World to Your Desktop: "Tired of surfing? Want to hang up your board? Through the magic of RSS, now the internet can come to you. All you need is a good RSS newsreader.

If you're not clear on what RSS is, don't sweat it. It's simply an XML-based format used to syndicate articles from blogs, news content and other data. RSS turns the e-mail newsletter model on its head. Instead of having a publisher e-mail an update to you daily, weekly or hourly, they just have to create an XML file in a mostly standard format. Then you use an RSS reader to pick those XML files off the web, and translate them into easy to view content summaries. "

Looks good doesn't it!

Monday, February 23, 2004

Sounds of the world's animals

I found a funny website about the sounds of the world's animals.It shows how each language expresses the sounds made by different animals.
The onomatopoeia used for an animal is often almost the same in several languages which is interesting from the linguistic point of view.
Here is the address:


http://www.georgetown.edu/cball/animals/animals.html

Stéphanie Kerchbron

Sunday, February 22, 2004

E-Books

R U bored with downloading free mp3 music (legally of course ...) ? So you can try to download free books on the Online Book Page. Over 20000 references !
I went to the raelain's website to see what's up whith their project of human cloning. If you want a quite "neutral and scientifical" explanation about the growing number of sects and their state of mind, I found a good book about it on the University of Calgary website. It surely requires some time to read it, but it's woth it. Notice that you can also find free books on the net!

Pierre.

Saturday, February 21, 2004

Human Clone

Human Clone was not welcomed by most of the world because it seems to be not ethical or for different other reasons... RAELIANS announced that they made the first human clone so I tried to see what is the Raelians belief and goal of doing an act...
U can find out more on the official website:

www.rael.org

A.R.

Saturday, February 14, 2004

Sunday, February 08, 2004

News from the whole world

Do you like to know what happens in the world ? Here is a site which allows you to see some articles from real newspapers: Courrier International

Mechanical calculators

After having visited this website : Triumph of the Nerds: A History of the Computer, I wondered how were working the mechanical calculators that are presented in the first part of the timeline. I found a website that, I think, is very interesting and that give some details : Mechanical calculators

Colin

Friday, February 06, 2004

Do you know where the thing you're typing on come from ?

Here is a website I found. It's not very attractive as it is not interactive but it is very interesting (it's my point of view). It is the story of the ENIAC, our computers' ancestor. I find it interesting to notice that the war has been an important actor in computer emergence.

Here is the site

Colin

Wednesday, February 04, 2004

Monday, February 02, 2004

music sites

Hy everybody!

Those sites are about trance and house music.
I use them quite often.
They are really complete.

http://www.psyshop.com
http://www.discogs.com

Henri

Wednesday, January 28, 2004

Howard Dean and the Online Political Revolution

Howard Dean and the Online Political Revolution
This article talks about politics and the Internet!

HoustonChronicle.com - Working@home

HoustonChronicle.com - Working@home
blogs in business?

Welcome to Triumph of the Nerds!

Welcome to Triumph of the Nerds!

TRY A GAME ....

Do you want to make a short break during your exams ? Do you want to try a stupid game ? Then go there :
PINGUIN
Try to challenge my high score: 320 m ......

Some sites where you can read comic strips...

If you like reading comic strips or if you want to descover it, here some interesting sites are...

www.megatokyo.com
www.Garfield.ucomics.com
www.Userfriendly.org

Links forgotten for tutorials ...

http://www.planetphotoshop.com
http://tiemdesign.com/HOWTO/Photoshop.htm

Some sites for helping you in the use of Photoshop.

You will find in these sites some interesting tutorials...


Nice pictures of cats

Do you really love cats? Well, maybe they don't like YOU.
(If you don't like cats...you can still watch these pictures!)

http://www.mycathatesyou.com

Carole

Wednesday, January 21, 2004

QUIZZ about Internet

This link needs an introduction from last week's group!
--I'm sure it's coming soon!
james


QUIZZ about Internet

Tuesday, January 20, 2004

Free and Legal MP3 download

Here is a nice site wich allows you to download some songs from one album or another...
So, you can discover new artists, and then, maybe, buy their CDs...

Enjoy http://www.epitonic.com!

--
Jean-François

Wednesday, January 14, 2004

Typical Jamaican Recipes

Want to discover Jerk Chicken or Pepperpot soup ?

Have fun :

http://www.jamaicans.com/cooking/

--
Antoine
For those who play the guitar: My song book. Well the site is quite long to load but it's worth waiting.
Sébastien
You don't remember where to find african recipes ? Go there : http://www.congocookbook.com/

For musicians and melomaniac people



On this site, you will find scores for all sorts of instruments, ranging from luth to piano... It is often classical music but it is free and the quality of the scores is rather good (Postscript format). Enjoy !

For musicians and melomaniac people...



On this site you will find a lot of free sheet music in Postcript format generally (it can be Read with Acrobat Reader). You can choose your instrument, then you select one site and you can download the score you want ! Easy and quick !

Poor Eiffel Tower .......

We would never have invented this, they have done it !!!

http://www.aaa-france.com/vinaigrette.htm

Monday, January 12, 2004

Google -- "miserable failure"

Google

Do a search for "miserable failure"... click on i'm feeling lucky!

Bush in 30 Seconds

Bush in 30 Seconds: "Bush in 30 Seconds is a contest for the ad that best tells the truth about President Bush's failed policies."

But remember..... not everyone in America is against Bush!

see you on Wednesday!

james

Thursday, January 08, 2004

ENG-FRA -- a bilingual discussion list

ENG-FRA Info Page

In our Class One some of you expressed a desire to use the Internet to COMMUNICATE with real English speakers... university students and otherwise. (And in a more serious venue then simply a chat room...)
:-)

ENG-FRA is a bilingual mailing list...(part of the eTandem network)...and its goal is to provide a platform for native speakers of both language to discuss the two languages , English and French, and anything that concerns the cultures and people that speak them.

Since I'm one of the coordinators of the forum I follow all the messages and recently the French members have been very quiet and the English speakers have been asking for discussion and conversation...

subjects offered for discussion recently include literature... (books critical of the US and Canada), the Muslim veil question in France, and "where are all the French participants"? :-)


here are two recent postings:

------------------------

ENG-FRA: English-French discussion forum
In a message dated 1/6/04 8:35:06 AM Eastern Standard Time, domergue@cirad.fr writes:

Pourtant tout le monde est la :)


Il nous faut avoir des sujets très séduisants pour nous inciter de se discuter. Je pense que, en part, le silence tient aux brouhahas existant aujourd'hui entre la France et les Etats-Unis concernant la Guerre en Irak, la politique de George Bush, etc. Aussi, les vacances de Noël doit y avoir pour quelque chose. J'ai l'impression que les français vont à la plage ou d'ailleurs où il n'y a pas de connection sur l'internet pendant leurs vacances. Donc, ils ont une bonne excuse. : - )    

Je peux tenter d'ouvrir un nouveau chemin en entamant une discussion sur la littérature. Aimez-vous la littérature québecoise? Moi je commence à lire Bonheur d'occasion de Gabriel Roy - c'est très bien.   

Côté politique, un type dans ce forum m'a conseillé de lire Le Livre Noir du Canada Anglais. Connaissez-vous ce livre? Qu'est-ce que vous en pensez? 

John 

_______________________________________________
ENG-FRA@lists.rub.de
http://lists.rub.de/mailman/listinfo/eng-fra

--------------------------------------
ENG-FRA: English-French discussion forum
Bonjour John,
No, le forum n'est pas mort au moins il existe encore. Je crois
que il y a beaucoup de gens en vacance à présent et il n'y a pas de
dialogue depuis longtemps!

Est-ce qu'il y a quelque chose à discuter?

Toutes les corrections de mon français sont bienvenue!
A+

Ken

----- Original Message -----
From:
To:
Sent: Monday, December 29, 2003 9:41 AM
Subject: [ENG-FRA] (no subject)


> ENG-FRA: English-French discussion forum
> Bonjour! Est-ce que le forum est mort? Rien que le silence! Il y
a
> personne?
>
> Is anybody out there? Is the forum dead? What's going on?
>
> John
**********************


From: mrddn14@aol.com
Date: Mon, 29 Dec 2003 17:48:22 EST
Subject: Re: [ENG-FRA] (no subject)
To: eng-fra@lists.ruhr-uni-bochum.de

Reply-To: "English-French discussion forum - Forum de discussion Anglais-
List-Id: English-French discussion forum - Forum de discussion
Anglais-Franç ais



List-Help:
List-Subscribe: ,

Sender: eng-fra-bounces+benenson=email.enst.fr@lists.ruhr-uni-bochum.de

ENG-FRA: English-French discussion forum
Comment allez-vous? Il est sympatique entendre les choses interessant sur le forum, comme les sujets des livres et politiques. Je pense ce n'est pas seulement les Etats Unis qui n'as pas une histoire parfait. Mais avec tout les problemes les monde premier a eu, nous devons apprendre de les faux pas et ne ses cacher pas. Dieu benent Canada, la terre d'espace profundie. Je voudrait l'aller. Gens me disent qu' il est tres, tres beau et symaptique. Il est bon avoir le forum actif encours et entend de tous de vous. Je irai au France quelqueheure en juin ou julliet. Laissez-moi si vous voudriez une amie de stylo.
Qu'est-ce que je doit voir? J'espoie que tout le monde avoir une bon-temps ser les fetes de fin de l'annee.

How are you? It is nice to have interesting things to talk about on the forum, like books and politics. I think it is not only the U.S. that doesn't have a perfect history. But with all the problems that the first world has had, we must learn from the mistakes and not hide them. God bless Canada, the land of deep and plentiful space. I would like to go there. People tell me that it is very beatiful and friendly. It is good to have the forum active again and to hear from all of you. I will go to France sometime in june or july. Let me know if you would like a pen-pal. What should I see when I am there. I hope that everybody has fun this holiday. Seasons Greetings, Molly

Wednesday, January 07, 2004

How to find the name of someone with a phone number?

http://www.infobel.com/france/wp/search/default.asp

How to find the name of someone with a number of someone?

http://www.infobel.com/france/wp/search/default.asp

Looking for cheap winter holiday?

try to spend your holiday in a
"gite de france" in the alps.
It's really affordable and you'll never forget it ...

Tuesday, January 06, 2004

Guardian Unlimited | Special reports | The best of British blogging

Happy new year!

Guardian Unlimited | Special reports | The best of British blogging

The best of British blogging

Looking forward to seeing you all tomorrow!
james

Monday, January 05, 2004

Poynter Online - E-Media Tidbits

Poynter Online - E-Media Tidbits: "eblog by the sharpest minds in online media/journalism/publishi"